According to today’s cynological theory all Mastiffs originating from the old Tibetan dog. In the later period migration of people from thos dog were separated, differentiated and shaped different groups of dogs in different parts of the world.
When talking about the origins of the modern mastiff, undoubtedly it has to be linked to the ancient Assyrian dogs. At this time the large and tough dogs been used as a means of fighting and battles between the two armies. The descendants of these dogs who came to European soil during the wars and migrations of the people, formed a couple of mutually similar types which were bred in Greece, Sardinia, Sicily and the Apennines. Dogs of similar appearance and structure could be found on Phoenician settlements at that time.
Dogs Mastiff type long before the emergence of the Roman Empire grew the Etruscans, as evidenced by the numerous sculptures and drawings which show heavy Molossian dogs in military campaigns and battles. These shew of dogs can be found throughout the all area northwest of the Apennine Peninsula. Some of these cartoons and sculptures are old thousands of years.
It is assumed that that the Mastiffs in the Roman Empire occurred after the Romans conquered the Etruscans in the 3rd century BC. Mixing Etruscan fighting dogs and mastiff-type dogs who are descended from dogs Persians, Medes, Carthaginians, as well as dogs from the Greek areas of Macedonia obtained the dogs were used for guarding property and home furnishings, as well as dogs in military units. These dogs the Romans called “Molossus”, and the first of them describes Virgil and mentioned in his book “De ra rustica” in the 1st century BC.
According to some sources, they were the favorite dogs of Julie Cazar, and Kubla Kahn had his own “army” of up to 5000 Mastiff responsible for hunting and warfare. When Hannibal crossed the Alps, bringing with him several groups mastiffs, who are used together in military units. There is assumption that to the area of Great Britain Mastiffs arrived with Phoenician traders around 600 to 700 BC.
On the territory of the United Kingdom for centuries has shaped and formed mastiff breeds we know today. During the medieval period, in the UK, they are the favorite dogs that were used to protect the castle and lands. During the fifteenth century were very popular these dogs fight with bears and bulls in the UK. Even when these cruel sports banned in the UK 1835.,popularity of Mastiff has not declined. Modern ancestors Mastiffs are not only those fighting dogs, but a nobler line, which leads to one of the most famous mastiffs of all time, and it’s dog of Pierce Lang. When Lang was wounded at the Battle of Agincourt, his Mastiff stood next to him and protected him for several hours during the battle. Although Leng later died, the Mastiff is back to home.
After the Second World War, the breed almost disappeared from Great Britain, since remained only one dog – in breeding. It was necessary to import dogs from the United States to re-form the corresponding fund of mastiff, able to reproduce and used for the performance race.